Tae Kwon Do History
The origin of Tae Kwon Do traces back to the three kingdoms of Koguryo (37 BC-668 AD), Paekche (18 BC-600 AD), and Silla (57 BC-936 AD). Archaeological findings (mural paintings on the royal tombs of the Koguryo dynasty, the stone sculptures of pagadas of temples of the Silla period, and documents written in the Paekche dynasty) showed fighting stances, skills, and formalized movements similar to today's Tae Kwon Do styles and forms.
The modern period of Tae Kwon Do began with the liberation of Korea in 1945 after World War II. Korea wanted to eliminate Japanese influences (in martial arts) and began to unite the various martial arts schools (Kwans) and styles into a single style and national sport.
1965 - The name Tae Kwon Do was chosen to represent this unified style of Korean martial arts.
1972 - Construction of the Kukkiwon was completed.
1973 ?The World Tae Kwon Do Federation (WTF) was created.
1973 - The first World Tae Kwon Do Championships were held (biannual event).
1974 - The first Asian Tae Kwon Do Championships were held (biannual event).
1975 - General Association of International Sports Federations recognizes the WTF.
1980 - The WTF was granted recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) at its 83rd General Session in Moscow.
1981 ?Tae Kwon Do was one of the primary events in the World Games (non-Olympic events) held in Santa Clara, California.
1983 ?Tae Kwon Do accepted as a Pan American Games and All Africa Games sport.
1985 ?Tae Kwon Do was adopted as a demonstration sport for the 1988 Olympic Games.
1986 - The First World Cup Tae Kwon Do Championship was held in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1986 - The 10th Asian Games Tae Kwon Do Tournament was held in Seoul with 17 participating nations.
1987 ?Tae Kwon Do was included in the 10th Pan-American Games held in Indianapolis, Indiana.
1987 - The first Women's World Tae Kwon Do Championships were held in Barcelona, Spain.
1988 ?Tae Kwon Do was a Demonstration Sport of the 24th Olympiad, 192 players from 25 nations (male) and 16 nations (female).
1994 ?Tae Kwon Do selected as a full Olympic sport for the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia.
2000 ?First Tae Kwon Do Olympic sport included in the Olympic Games.
WTF & KUKKIWON
The World Tae Kwon Do Federation (WTF) and the Kukkiwon are separate organizations, even though the offices of the WTF are housed in the Kukkiwon building. The WTF controls all aspects of Tae Kwon Do competition worldwide, while the Kukkiwon, World Tae Kwon Do Headquarters is in charge of Tae Kwon Do education programs, training, and Dan/Poom certifications.